New developments in commercial UAS distribution: UAS will be allowed to fly over the sky and night
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA”) said on Monday that the United States will allow small drones to fly over people and at night, which means the drones are an important step in the direction of widespread commercial use.
FAA said that in most cases, the bureau’s new UAV regulations will require remote identification technology to solve security problems, which can identify drones from the ground. The new rules will be published in the federal gazette in january and will take effect 60 days after the date. UAV manufacturers will have 18 months to start producing drones with remote identification, and operators will have an additional year to provide remote identification. Other more complex rules will allow drones to operate at night and, in some cases, large drones to fly over people.
“The new rules will address safety and security issues and pave the way for further integration of drones into our airspace .” FAA director Steve Dixon (Steve Dickson) said. “This brings us a step closer, and one day we’ll see more drones delivering packages, etc .”
A number of companies are scrambling to build drones to speed up delivery, with more than 1.7 million registered drones and 203000 FAA certified remote pilots in the United States.
FAA said night-flight drones must be equipped with anti-collision lights. The final rule allows for the use of mobile carriers in some cases.
All drones weighing 0.55 pounds (about 0.25 kg) or more require remote identification, but in some cases (such as overflight rallies) smaller drones also require remote identification. The new rules remove the requirement that drones must be connected to the Internet to transmit location data, but that remote identification information can be transmitted through radio frequency broadcasting. Without this change, drones may be banned from use in areas without Internet access services.
According to the international association of uav systems (AUVSI), remote identification will be used as a “digital license plate for uavs “, which will enable uavs to perform more complex operations, while allowing uavs to operate at night and over personnel” is an important step towards uav entry into u.s. airspace “.
Another change in the rules, first introduced in 2019, is that small drones can not have any exposed rotating parts that cut human skin.
UPS Services (UPS) said in October 2019 that it had the first full approval from the U.S. government to operate drone routes. Google’s sister company Wing last year became the first company to be certified as a U.S. air carrier single-manned drone last year.
In August, Amazon’s drone service was approved by the U.S. federal government to begin testing the drone team’s commercial delivery service.